What is an ETF, and what are the benefits of investing in one?

An Exchange Traded Fund (ETF) is a fund that keeps assets such as stocks, commodities, and bonds. Traders can trade them on stock exchanges similarly to stocks, allowing investors to purchase ETF shares the same way they would buy or sell a stock. Investors can also benefit from trading ETFs through lower costs and tax efficiency than other investments.

You can check out Saxo Markets to open a trading account.

Benefits of ETF investing

Tax advantages

UK-based investors can access some excellent tax advantages when investing in an ETF. The index-tracking nature of most ETFs means that capital gains taxes are usually only applicable when the investor decides to sell their holdings. In addition, dividend taxes are generally lower than those applied to traditional investments like stocks.

Low expenses

ETFs usually have much lower expense ratios when compared to other types of investments, allowing investors to keep more of their profits. ETFs can be traded commission-free in some online brokerages, further reducing costs for individual investors.


An ETF allows investors to benefit from the diversification advantages of investing in various assets. Investors don’t need to invest in each asset individually but can spread their risk across different sectors and industries.

Trading flexibility

Since an ETF is traded like a stock, investors can buy and sell their ETF investments at any given time during market hours. It provides more flexibility regarding the timing of trades compared to mutual funds, which are only priced once per day.

Professional management

ETFs are managed by professional fund managers who monitor the performance of the underlying assets to ensure that they are performing as expected. The fund manager is also responsible for rebalancing the portfolio when necessary to maintain its desired risk profile.


ETFs typically offer higher liquidity than other investment funds, as they are traded on public exchanges like stocks. It allows investors to easily buy and sell shares without worrying about finding a willing counterparty.


Unlike other types of investments, investors can easily access ETF portfolios and see what they are investing in at any time. It allows them to make informed decisions regarding their investments and helps ensure they take on only a little risk.

Cost efficiency

ETFs usually cost less than mutual funds due to their lower expense ratios. It makes them a cost-effective option for those who want to diversify their portfolio without breaking the bank.


ETFs are relatively easy to purchase through online brokerages or directly from an Exchange Traded Fund provider, making them accessible even to those new to the world of investing.

Automatic rebalancing

ETFs are designed to rebalance themselves automatically according to their underlying portfolio, which helps keep investors’ risk profiles in check. Therefore, investors can benefit from a diversified portfolio without manually adjusting it over time.

How to invest in ETFs

Choose the ETFs

The first step when investing in ETFs is to decide which ones to invest in. Traders research the available funds and compare their performance, fees, and holdings.

Open an account

Once you have chosen your ETFs, the next step is to open a brokerage account with a platform that supports trading in ETFs. Research and compare different brokerages to ensure you get the best deal.

Fund your account

After opening your brokerage account, it’s time to fund it. Most platforms accept payment methods, such as bank transfers or credit cards. However, some may charge additional processing fees, so check before making a deposit.

Buy your ETFs

Once your account is funded, you can start buying your chosen ETFs. Most platforms have an easy-to-use interface that allows you to quickly and easily place trades.

Monitor and adjust as needed

It’s essential to monitor the performance of your investments and make any necessary adjustments to maintain the desired risk profile. It’s also wise to stay up-to-date with news related to the ETFs you are investing in so that you can anticipate potential changes in their value.